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Greetings

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Hi there!

During this lesson we're going to look at the things that people really say when they see each other.

There are many ways of saying hello, and they all vary depending upon which country you're in.

Here are some different ones which are used quite often. Try repeating each one after me:

Hey
Hi
Hi there
Yo
What's up?
How you doin'? A lot of people just pronounce this as: How ya doin'?
Alright?

So how do you reply to these expressions?

Whenever someone uses one of these expressions, all you need to do is reply with exactly the same expression.

For example when someone says What's up?! then you can just reply What's up!

The expressions: What's up, How you doin'?, and Alright? don't have to be considered as literal questions; they can also be used for different ways of saying hello.

Then there are some different ways of asking how a person is feeling. Once again try repeating each one after me:

So how are you?
How's it going?
How are things?
What have you been up to lately?

After any of these questions it's better not to say: Fine thanks or I'm well thanks. They're old expressions which are normally too formal for modern day English, so they're not really used anymore.

So when someone asks you: How are you? What can you say?

Here are some different possibilities which are in order from very positive to very negative.

Try repeating each one after me:
Absolutely Fantastic!
Fabulous!
Awesome!
Things couldn't be better!
I've never had it so good!
It's never been so good!
Really great!
Great
Good

Not too bad
Pretty good
Ok

So so
Not so great
Not too good
Things could be worse
Things could be better
Pretty bad
I've had better days
I'm going through a bit of a strange period
Really bad
Terrible
It couldn't get any worse

All of the expressions up to the word: Ok can be followed by the word: thanks and then by one of the following options:
and you?
how about you?, or
what about yourself?

So when someone asks you: How are you?
You could say: Really good thanks! How about you?

You can also add the word: actually after expressing how you're feeling, and it's used when you give an answer which is unexpected or which you think the person listening wouldn't expect.

For example, if someone asks you: So are you feeling ok after the accident? You could reply by saying: Not too bad actually! which means that you're feeling better than expected.

If you reply with any one of the negative expressions such as: so so or: not so great, then the other person will probably say something like: Oh! What's wrong? or: Sorry to hear that. What's the matter? Then you'll have to explain the reason why you're not feeling very good or happy, so it might just be easier to use one of the positive expressions.

Then when you go away from someone, there are some different ways of saying goodbye.
Try repeating each one after me:

Ok, bye! Note that only children say: bye bye; Adults just say: bye.

Then the word: goodbye is considered to be too old and formal, so we just say: bye! Another thing I want to mention is that the word: bye is very short, so everyone tends to make it into a longer sound by saying: byyyyeee!

Then you can also say: See you! or: See you soon! Once again, a lot of people just pronounce this as: See ya

Then there's the expression: Take care! and this is normally used when saying goodbye to friends who you care about.

Note that when you talk about greetings that you use when leaving people, in this case you can use the word: goodbye, but we don't actually say it when talking to people.

So, now that you know the right things to say, try finding some new friends on GoSpeakEnglish and ask them if they feel good, just ok, or absolutely fantastic!

And that's the end of this lesson!

Now you can see if you've understood the video, and do the test on GoSpeakEnglish. You can also watch many other English video lessons on GoSpeakEnglish.

Thanks, and I hope to see you again soon!

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