During this lesson we're going to learn about the construction of sentences in English, according to the SVOMPT rule. SVOMPT is an anagram which stands for:
The subject can either be a person, place, or a gerund which is a word + ing and it's a verb which functions as a noun, also know as a verb-noun for examples: swimming...is a water sport.
The verb is a word which describes an action, for example in the sentence: We often run, the word run, is the verb.
The object is the noun or pronoun which is acted upon by the subject, for example in the sentence: He likes animals, the word animals, is the object.
The manner is the way to describe how something happens, for example in the sentence: I often go to play football with my friends, the words with my friends are related to the manner.
The place is the location or area where something happens, for example in the sentence: They sometimes to do sport at their local gym, the words at their local gym are related to the place.
The time is related to when someone does something, or when something happens, for example in the sentence: She starts work at nine o'clock in the morning, the words nine o'clock in the morning, are related to the time.
Whenever there is a subject, verb, or an object in a sentence, then they have to be set in that order; first the subject, then the verb, and then the object. For example: I play tennis. I is the subject, play is the verb, and tennis is the object.
Usually the manner, place, or time, are in that order within a sentence, but they can change position among themselves and also within the sentence.This gives more importance to how, where, or when something happens as opposed to the subject, verb, or object, but it can also change the meaning of a sentence.
For example, you would normally say: I play tennis with my friends, at the sports center, on Saturday mornings, and this sentence follows the standard SVOMPT rule.
If you want to give more importance to the manner, then you would say: I play tennis at the sports center, on Saturday mornings, with my friends.
Then if you want to give more importance to the place, then you would say: I play tennis with my friends on Saturday mornings at the sports center.
And if you want to give more importance to the time, then you would say: I play tennis with my friends, at the sports center, on Saturday mornings, but even though this sentence follows the standard SVOMPT rule, you can also say: I play tennis on Saturday mornings, with my friends at the sports center. You can even say: On Saturday mornings, I play tennis with my friends, at the sports center.
The important thing is that when you speak, you need to emphasize the part of the sentence which you want to give more importance to.
So now that you know all about the SVOMPT rule, try to find some new friends on GoSpeakEnglish and chat with them about life, the universe, and everything, but remember to put all of the words in the right order!
And that's the end of this lesson!
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Thanks, and I hope to see you again soon!