During this lesson we're going to learn how to pronounce the letters: c and g.
The Pronunciation of: c and g generally (but not always, see below) depends upon the letter following either the: c or g.
If the following letter is: e, i, or y, the pronunciation of the c or g is normally soft.
If the following letter is any other letter, then the pronunciation of the c or g is normally hard.
Here are some examples of words which contain a soft c. Try repeating each one after me:
And here are some examples of words which contain a hard c. Try repeating each one after me:
Next, here are some words which contain a soft g. Once again try repeating each one after me:
And finally, here as some words which contain a hard g.
There are also a few interesting words which include both hard and soft sounds.
Here are some examples.
Once again try repeating each one after me:
When a hard pronunciation is required, but the following letter would normally make it soft, then we sometimes add an h after the letter c, as in: architect, or the letter u after the g, as in: guest. In some cases, the following letter is doubled, as in: outrigger.
These rules also explain some difficult spellings. George, guest, and trigger, could not be spelled: Gorge or gest or triger and still retain their pronunciation. Also, it can now be seen why: sag, rag and: sage and rage are spelled, and pronounced the way they are.
As always in English, there are some exceptions to these rules, and these mostly involve giving hard pronunciation to words where the rule would normally require the soft sound. These exceptions include:
Then there are some words which end with the letter: g, such as: banging, singing, and ringing, and in this case the: g is silent.
Other exceptions include some foreign words which have been adopted into the English language, such as: geisha.
So, now that you know how to pronounce words with hard and soft c's and g's, try chatting with some new friends on GoSpeakEnglish and ask them if they feel successful and gigantic, or gorgeous and juicy!
And that's the end of this lesson!
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